New York Election Law

Related Information

Voter Registration

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
MethodIn person, mail, online.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Deadline25 days before Election DayNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
AutomaticNoA8280C signed into law, establishes automatic voter registration on a rolling basis from 2023-2025.No Legislative Activity
Same DayNoNo ChangesSB517 (in committee) would allow same day registration.

Absentee Ballot Application

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
ExcuseAbsence, illness/disability, patient care at a Veteran's Administration hospital, incarceration, or awaiting trial.COVID-19 considered an acceptable excuse.SB0360 institutes no-excuse absentee voting.

Unless this resolution passes, the current law requiring an excuse to vote by absentee ballot remains the law
AutomaticNoNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
DeadlineSeven days before Election Day.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Valid for X# of Cycles1No ChangesNo Legislative Activity

Absentee Ballot Return (other than by mail)

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
Voter IDNot requiredNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
In PersonYesNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Drop BoxNot mentioned by statutes.Widely implemented throughout state by Governor's order.Provisions have been introduced to establish new statutory language requiring drop boxes.

SB.0492 Passed in the Senate

AB.4128 Introduced in the Assembly
Return Deadline7 days after Election Day if by mail.
Close of polls on Election Day if in person.
No Changes A. 6047-A


Allows mail-in ballots post-marked for election day to be counted.

Ballot Harvesting

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
ProhibitedNo; state law silentNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Limited 3rd PartyNot prohibitedNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Paid Political OperativesNot prohibitedNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity

Early Voting

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
By MailYesNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
In PersonYesNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity

Voter Identification - Absentee Ballot

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
Signature VerificationYesNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Witness StatementOnly if the voter is unable to sign.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Cure ProcessNoNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity;
Per New York District Court, unsigned absentee ballots allowed to be cured with 7 days of being notified of signature issue.

Voter Identification - In Person

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
Photo IDNot requiredNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Other Options---
Provisional BallotsUsed for first-time voters without valid ID, or voters whose names do not appear in the poll book.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity

Voting Day

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
Hours6AM-9PMNo ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Wait TimeState obligated to provide resources to ensure 30 minute maximum wait time.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity
ElectioneeringProhibited within 100 feet of polling places.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity

Voter Rolls

Pre-COVIDDuring 20202021 Legislative Activity
Update FrequencyUpdated continuously.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity
Voter RemovalDeath, felony conviction, moving, or mental incompetence.No ChangesNo Legislative Activity

July 19, 2021

Not all of NY’s new voting reforms benefit voters, advocate says

Over the weekend, Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a package of voting reforms, including ones that ease the rules and restrictions on mail-in absentee balloting.

But a leading voter access advocate said the state still has more to do before mail-in balloting is universally accessible.

The bills that Cuomo approved include eliminating the requirement that voters have to submit signed applications for absentee ballots. They will now be able to request the ballots by an unsigned letter or by going online to get one mailed to them.

Continue Reading on

July 16, 2021

Governor Cuomo Signs Sweeping Package of Voting Reforms into Law

Governor Andrew M. Cuomo today signed a sweeping package of voting reforms into law. The reforms help voters, candidates and boards of elections more easily perform their functions. The reforms include:

Eliminating signed absentee ballot applications and allowing absentee ballots postmarked by Election Day to be considered timely;

  • Allowing voters to request absentee ballots through electronic means;
  • Requiring boards of elections to post information about changes in polling places
  • Conforming deadlines for the mailing of applications for absentee ballots to USPS guidelines;
  • Allowing candidates who have lost primaries to be removed from ballots as candidates for different parties; and
  • Increasing election district registrant enrollment from 1,150 to 2,000.

Continue Reading on